How To Write a Conclusion

The first and last thing you say in an academic paper is always important, which is to say an excellent introduction and conclusion is key. Both parts are strong and are time consuming but still totally worth it. They create a bridge, which transports reader from start to concluding point. They can be sum up in one paragraph giving a good finish to your essay. Further you will find out how to write a conclusion in this article.

What is a conclusion?

A conclusion is an opportunity for wrapping up your work in a tiny package. It restates your essay and finishes it in an effective way. It gives you a final chance to structure the body of your essay in a precise and solid way that is not so long but still includes all components leaving a final impression.

Good concluding sections are usually written as single paragraphs, which create stylistic impacts on the reader. It should be good and effective enough from the start to end make readers glad about reading your work.

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How To Conclude Your Work

When considering how to conclude an essay or other written work, it’s important to focus on

  • How to start a conclusion
  • What to include in a conclusion
  • How to end your conclusion (also read: dissertation conclusion)

Your whole assignment is at stake while concluding your work. To create a strong impact on the reader, it is necessary to write a good concluding end that is not so long. It should begin by creating a link with the first paragraph, reiterating words used in the beginning.

The end of your assignment should convey a sense of completeness and strong finish as well as the larger meaning and possibilities of the topic described in the body of your assignment. This should end the discussion topic without closing it off.

What you include in your conclusion determines whether you make it effective. The structure of your ending should include all the possible answers that the reader could have considered asking. Put all necessary phrases and elements utilized in the body. Ask those questions from yourself in all possible ways and create your paragraph with answers, which structure your assignment with a strong finish.

Start – Ending Strategy will help to create a connection between your introduction and conclusion. Creating a merry-go-round by putting a scenario in the beginning and ending it with the same scenario as proof that an assignment is helpful and is creating a new understanding.

Conclude with a solution – think about broader implications for readers to apply your theory and idea in their own life. It will be a question for studying further.

Writing Conclusion Essay Steps

Here are the five crucial steps that you must take when you are starting with your essay conclusion part:

  1. Writing a conclusion, restate your thesis statement in different words, making it more accessible. It should be worded differently.
  2. Sum up all your key points by stating whether you could confirm or prove against your research objectives.
  3. Provide information regarding further research or literature recommendations that are often used when seeking how to write an essay conclusion.
  4. Finish your conclusion with an assumption or a strong quote to make your audience think.
  5. Always proofread things twice to avoid overly complex arguments, repetitions, or any new ideas.

Most importantly, your conclusion should keep things accessible and clear in terms of what you wanted to achieve and what has been learned as the work has been done. Do not forget to proofread your conclusion aloud and avoid copying your thesis exactly the way it is in your introduction part.

What to Include In The Conclusion

The most challenging part is how to structure a conclusion when composing your final research paper. It will always depend on the course, length, structure, and style of the paper. Even though it is recommended to make your conclusion no more than 10%, it is still necessary to adjust it the way it fits your paper. In other words, when you must make it longer and it works for you, do not limit yourself. The purpose is to make things clear and inspire your audience.

  • Restate thesis statement.
  • Brief introduction of research objectives.
  • List of what has been (or has not been) achieved.
  • Further research recommendations.

Remember that knowing how to end an essay means following the same vision and not approaching your ideas in a different way. It is the most common mistake as students think that it is what “not introducing any new ideas” means. Dealing with something you have researched in a different way must be avoided as well.

Importance of Finishing Strong

conclusion writing

How should you conclude an essay? The main purpose for writing your final paragraph is to summarize your project with its strongest points, which creates links between the introduction and essay’s body. A good finale provides you an opportunity to create an understanding of problems you discussed in the assignment.

As introductions gives readers their first impression, likewise conclusions give you the last chance to leave a strong impact on your reader. You can highlight the key features of your work or the result of your finding or simply by just noting the important implications, which must be applied to practice.

Demonstrate your ideas and their importance in the ending, as it offers you the opportunity to create an impact about your findings. Mention the importance of your work or the theory you have presented in your in you assignment.

Concluding remarks generally restate the main argument and reminds the points of your main arguments. By restating the main purpose of the study you will be able to discuss how you’re finding are differ to other studies or how your study helps in other studies which are done previously. Keep language simple and clear, and easily understandable. Highlight if there is any need for further study or research. Your points should be strong enough to leave an impact indicating that you have deep awareness of your research topic.

If your work’s topic or purpose is complex, you may be required to make it easier for your reader by summarizing the argument. Consider data, which is detailed to a level of consideration that return to the point provided in the introduction or with a new context that emerges with data.

Things to Avoid in a Conclusion

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For making a good conclusion, you need to avoid the following pitfalls:

  • Beginning with overused / redundant phrases – “in conclusion”, “I have concluded”, “hence concluded”. These words or phrases work well when used in speeches but while writing, it won’t make a good impact.
  • Repeating the thesis statement from the start
  • Presenting a new idea which has no link with the body of the assignment
  • Making unnecessary appeals
  • Avoid simplifying your work—give a brief summary of what you mean to deliver to your readers
  • Resist making apologies.

The conclusion provides an opportunity for you to restate and summarize your long research problem into a compiled and effective final product. The paragraph’s concluding words should reflect evidence, which is presented in essay’s body. If you want your work to be cited and recalled by others, you have to understand the importance of writing a good conclusion which leaves a strong impact. It’s better to leave some questions unanswered so that you can propose a forecast for others to take your study further by remembering your name.

Conclusion Examples

As always, when you explore how to conclude an essay, it is much better to learn by example, which means that reading several conclusion samples is essential.

Literary Example:

“The writings by C.S. Lewis hasn’t been against religion per se but addressed aspects that instill fear in people. His style and sincerity, depicted by examples in this research, made it clear that one must read between the lines. Applying the analysis to each quote also helped to determine the rhetoric and deep wisdom of the author”.

Here is how to write a conclusion for an essay dealing with some research:

“The research on AI-based learning tools for dyslexic students showed that learners are progressing much better since they learn to ‘communicate’ in a verbal-less environment. It proves that dyslexic students should learn without pressure, avoiding both stress and anxiety. Aiming to research innovative tools is the way to address the students with special needs and improve the education methods”.

Essay conclusion example for more complex topics:

“Researching single parenting methods proved against all the major stereotypes stating that it makes children more reserved and less confident. The sample group proved that the youngsters in single families become more responsible by focusing on specific parenting and family roles. Applying qualitative methodology also helped confirm that each case must be studied separately”.

These essay conclusion examples are different on purpose to help you see how all these different subjects have been approached.


How to start a conclusion in an essay?

It should start with a brief reminder of what your essay paper is about. Then continue with your thesis statement without copying it. Make it simpler and approach your objectives through the lens of what has been achieved.

Words to conclude an essay?

It will always depend on your subject and essay length. Your final phrase may be a famous quote (if relevant), or something that explains the role of your paper for science or society. Thinking about what to include in a conclusion, make it poignant and inspirational.

How long should a conclusion be?

It should be no more than 10% of your total word count. Of course, your conclusion may even take one sentence only if you restate your thesis correctly. The trick is to include sufficient information as you learn how to finish an essay to make your reader see what has been achieved.

How to write a conclusion for a persuasive essay?

Summarize your key points and restate your thesis statement just like with any other essay type. What makes it different is the presence of a call-to-action in your final sentence because your purpose is to persuade your audience with the help of some evidence. No new ideas should be introduced.