How The Enlightenment Impacted The World: The True Knowledge Of The World In Tartuffe And A Modest Proposal

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How the Enlightenment Impacted the World The Enlightenment was a period in the eighteenth century that pointed out reason and science. It was also known as the Age of Reason, a time when most people believed reason whether it was religion, laws, science, ect. Even stories, they were a way of telling people about the true knowledge of the world.

Tartuffe was an act of play written by Moliere that emphasized the Enlightenment period, it uses rational, order, moderation, and many more by how each character acts in different ways. In the play Tartuffe is the protagonist, he is one of many lies that he advises to organ throughout the play, he manipulates organ by pretending to be the “perfect” man. Many characters in the play can truly see how Tartuffe real identity is, but Organ does not because he is so clouded by his own emotions.

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Cleante, which is Organ brother in law is the voice of reason, he tries to talk some sense into organ many times, yet Organ refuses to believe that Tartuffe is an “angel”. Act, Towards the end of the play Organ finally opens his eyes to realize that Tartuffe was a lair and sees how he used him, Tartuffe was a character to show people that people like him exist in the real world, and without reason, there would be chaos among people with different types of conflicts.

Unlike Tartuffe, A Modest proposal written by Swift, explains the truth of how poor children are born into a world of many disputes and that there are so many mouths to feed, many women giving birth to more and more children, and he explains how some can maintain a child while others cannot. Swift uses satire by saying unimaginable pure evil things like saying one should eat children, but he doesn’t mean it he’s just trying to justify society, irrationality and, rationality. “As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the several schemes of our projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in their computation”().

One of many famous women in Mexico, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz was a woman who wrote a letter defending woman’s right into getting an education. Sor Juana was a woman of curiosity of knowledge, she wanted to learn, write, read, ect. In all her works that she’s done she is one of many people that emphasizes the enlightenment period. Many of her works include philosophy, astronomy, literature, music, poems, paintings, theology, and many more, all of her knowledge was criticized by men who didn’t think or believe that a woman was smart enough to have a saying in reasoning through all of her achievements. (Letter example)

Another influencer during the Enlightenment period was Voltaire, one of his literacy works he wrote a story; Candide. This was a story based on religion, optimism, satirizing many subjects, from certain philosophies to human nature itself. Candide was an outcast he traveled from place to place seeing and learning many new things. Throughout his journey, he has the confidence of hope while he goes through many horrific matters of cruelty, but he wouldn’t have made it through all of the events he went through if it wasn’t for his mentor, Pangloss. Before Pangloss died he told Candide that everything happens for a reason whether good or bad. “ (5.14).


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