The Population Of Tokyo Municipalities: Problem Of Overcrowding

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Tokyo’s population consists of over 13 million people, meaning some parts of Tokyo can exceed 20 000 people per square kilometre. Tokyo is a really advanced city towards its transport and transport ideas. It is generally hard to find a place in Tokyo where you can’t catch a train or walk on a pathway. Tokyo has very generous routes towards its users and organised railway lines. Paying for public transport is cheap and ideal. There are approximately 13 subway lines and more than 100 surface routes. About 420,000 people have moved from other parts of Japan to Tokyo in 2017 alone due to college and work. Tokyo has a good economy and is the leading industrial centre of Japan. Also, it is Japan’s management and finance centre. Tokyo has the world’s most universities with an outstanding 100 universities and colleges. This almost makes up a quarter of Japan’s total. One-third of Japan’s university students are enrolled in Tokyo schools. It is expected that Tokyo will be the world’s highest population in 2030.

Tokyo’s roadways, pedestrian lanes, and other public spaces experience daily overcrowding as people flock to the area during peak hours. A Lot of people are drawn to Tokyo and its many entertainment facilities, the variety of events, and it’s status as a fashion hotspot. But Tokyo also has many job opportunities and universities, young people are leaving the rural hinterland in search of better education and employment opportunities. Tokyo’s high population density also affects the safety of the area. Japan is on a fault line which makes earthquakes common to be exact, Japan has 20% of the world’s earthquakes if strong an earthquake can damage many buildings and kill many people. People can be more susceptible to diseases due to how close they live and commute together. With the increasing population, there are increasing demands, due to this water may run out and there may not be enough food, seeing that Japan imports most food. With the increasing population, pollution is also increasing mainly from factories making it unstable for residents. Most of the pollution comes from cars and increases the probability of lung cancer.

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The population of Tokyo Municipalities as a % of Tokyo Prefecture

This issue needs to be responded to because it is a risk to the population of Tokyo and the environment. Tokyo is especially vulnerable to earthquakes because the buildings are packed close together. One earthquake could kill three million people or a tsunami or storm could affect millions. Tokyo’s buildings have something called ‘base isolation’, which allows the buildings to move around slightly during an earthquake, but not break, by placing flexible pads between the building and the ground. The government isn’t really up to pace on telling people about environmental issues. Even though the public has put pressure on the government to fix this issue. The government hasn’t made any industrial areas lessen or stop any damage to the environment. Although there is the use of bicycles and public transport, there is still vast amounts of smog that is created from the fumes of the cars. But, Tokyo is doing quite well to manage this compared to other countries. Real estate in Tokyo is one of the most expensive in the world. High prices of real property are due to limited land combined with high demand due to high population density. The high population of Tokyo is a major challenge for the city government. Young people become unable to marry when they move to Tokyo, where everything is expensive, nurseries are in short supply, and houses are too small. The Japanese government is planning to offer up to three million yen to encourage residents of Tokyo to swap life in the congested capital for a home in the countryside. According to the telegraph “Twenty three percent of the 20-something people responding to a study conducted in June by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport saying they would swap life in the city for a place in the countryside. Asked their reasons for wanting to leave the city behind, many said they miss a sense of community and interaction with their neighbours because people in Tokyo are too busy and never have time to get to know the people around them.” Tokyo is also now using more alternative energy sources more than ever before. In Tokyo, fossil fuels are starting to be used less, while alternative energies, such as solar and wind, are being used more. This is helping with Tokyo’s energy needs, by giving Tokyo more renewable energy. Something that could help Tokyo in the future, is if more high-paying jobs were found all over Japan, and not just in Tokyo. Also, it could help thin Tokyo’s population, by removing one of the main reasons people travel and live in Tokyo. By providing job opportunities outside of Japan, people may want to stay where they are, and not move to Tokyo.

The issue in Tokyo, which is overcrowding has not been solved. There have been some satisfactory attempts to try and solve the problem like improving railways and improving pollution quality. This issue is likely to grow as the population grows if there are not appropriate and efficient solutions. Tokyo is trying to bribe people to move out of Tokyo but it is not working because of the job and education opportunities Tokyo has to offer and the luxury and convenience.


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