Types And Ways Of Euthanasia

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Euthanasia is defined as an action in which a person asks the doctor to put an end of their life, to relieve from pain and suffering or their final stage of the disease. It is the painless killing of a patient. A doctor most be allowed by law to end a person’s life, most countries, euthanasia is against the law. It is known as a ‘’ mercy killing’’ or ‘’good death’’.

There are types of Euthanasia:

1. Voluntary euthanasia:

Euthanasia is voluntary when is it requested by the person, personally to end one’s life in a pain-less manners.

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2. Involuntary euthanasia:

It’s when the person who undergoes euthanasia wants to live instead, so its performed on the person without asking for their consent. It’s illegal in all countries because it is good as killing someone purposely or murder.

3. Non-voluntary

When the person is not able to indicate whether or not he or she wants to undergo euthanasia, simply when the concerned persons consent is unavailable. It is also illegal in all countries.

There are two ways to conduct euthanasia:

• Active Euthanasia:

Actively performing the act of euthanasia, for example withdrawal of life support system, administering a lethal injection, consumption of a deadly drink of drugs, etc. it activates which immediately facilitate a person’s death.

• Passive Euthanasia:

Passively and not actively facilitating a person’s death. For example, with holding necessary treatments, medicine, etc.

Physician-assisted suicide is presently legal in some countries as in the Colombia, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, Switzerland and the states of Washington, Canada, Australia, etc.

The first objection to euthanasia may be termed the objection from sanctity of life. the sanctity of life is usually founded on religious beliefs. According to religions such as Christianity, Judaism, etc. life is sacred gift from god. All lives are worth preserving as all lives have in them the scared essence of god.

The second objection is teleological in nature. The ethical theorists say, if euthanasia is allowed in some situation then it would result in euthanasia becoming legal and acceptable in all situations even when morally they are undesirable in nature

The first pro euthanasia argument is called the ‘’quality of life’’. it says that under some situations, life is actually less preferable than death. So when the quality of life is so dreadful, people must be able to decide for themselves.

Patients’ Rights:

Like every person has the right to live, they also have autonomy to not live. It’s up to them to decide to end it or not, especially if they have no existence in life. they also might think about the people around them that are not having a normal life because of them too. Just by ending their life will be doing them a huge blessing because they are victims living with pain and suffer which they can’t continue living with. We could just relive them from this lifeless world by death.


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