Pearl Harbor: Reaction Of Franklin Delano Roosevelt

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Our nation was attacked and we needed a sense of peace and understanding. The people of the United States didn’t know what had happened and how we would respond to what had happened, all they knew was that their possible loved ones may have died and they would like some information on this brutal attack. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt came out the next day with his important and very needed speech on what had happened at Pearl Harbor to explain to the nation on what had happened and inform all of our citizens that this act of brutality would not go by lightly and we were going to do something about this. By coming out with this speech president Roosevelt rally wanted to encourage US citizens to get behind him and our country and support going to war. He also wanted congress to allow the country to go to war with Japan and they did shortly after this speech. In FDRs speech he made sure that the country would feel the pain of what was happening and he wanted to make sure the entire country would be behind him and back his decision to go to war and he did this very effectively.

“Yesterday, December 7th, 1941- a date which will live in infamy- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan”(Eidenmuller, Michael E. American Rhetoric). These are the words Franklin Delano Roosevelt started his Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation the day after Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan. By saying that this day will live in infamy he is really highlighting that he understands the significance of this attack and so should the people. He also made it very clear that Japan was behind this attack and goes on to state that Japan has also attacked other Amarican vessels in the Pacific Ocean after this nasty surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. FDR’s discourse was an invitation to battle, and in his discourse he communicated shock towards Japan and trust in inescapable triumph. The discourse was a solicitation to proclaim war against Japan and to bring the United States into World War II. FDR’s discourse was fruitful in bringing the United States into World War II since FDR introduced actualities disclosing why war should have been announced and utilized equitable ire to give the country a feeling of pride and expectation by telling them everything would be done to guarantee the country’s well being.

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On December 7, 1941 the U.S. maritime base was dependent upon an assault that was one of the best military astonishment throughout the entire existence of fighting. On December 8, 1941, the day after the assault was made on Pearl Harbor by Japan, FDR conveyed his discourse to the Congress of the United States. He clarified how the United States was abruptly assaulted by the Empire of Japan. He clarified how the assaults needed to have been arranged a long time ahead of time, yet during that time Japan went about as though they were making harmony with the United States. Roosevelt detailed the harms and misfortunes that the country endured because of the assaults. He clarified what moves would be made to guard the nation, and what they would do to guarantee this could never happen again. The reason for his discourse was to demand Congress to pronounce war against Japan while showing the certainty to guarantee the country that occasions like this could never happen again.

FDR utilized a mix of rationale and feeling all through his discourse to persuade Congress and the individuals of the United States that doing battle with Japan would be the proper activity. The President realized that at a time like this the individuals of the United States felt that their lives were in incredible peril. He let the individuals realize that all measures would be taken for the nation’s barrier. He realized that numerous individuals would be reluctant to enter the war so he gave the nation assurance to win the war.

All through the discourse FDR displayed realities and proof to demonstrate that the assault was an amazement and to show that he knew about the occasions that occurred. One reason why FDR was proclaiming war against Japan was on the grounds that the assault on Pearl Harbor was intentionally arranged. He expressed that the good ways from Hawaii to Japan made it clear that the assault was arranged numerous days or even a long time ahead of time. He gave insights concerning the time paving the way to the assault when the Japanese government deluded the United States by giving bogus explanations of trust in proceeded with harmony. By displaying these realities in his discourse, FDR demonstrated to his group of spectators that the assault was deliberate. Numerous individuals would accept that somebody thought about the assault, and the President explained that the assault was an astonishment by giving data on the occasions that occurred paving the way to the assault. Portions of his discourse were rationale headed to give proof to why the United States was proclaiming war.

In another piece of his discourse he utilized short incredible sentences conveyed like projectiles that clarified how a few different countries in the Pacific were assaulted by Japan. By expressing this he was demonstrating that Japan was an extremely forceful country that couldn’t be halted without power, and entering the war would put a stop to Japan’s ground-breaking power.

During FDR’s discourse he utilized a blend of rationale and feeling to persuade the country that doing battle would be the correct activity. The President expressed that the assault on Pearl Harbor made serious harm the nation and was another motivation behind why the President needed to announce war on Japan. In under two hours the U.S. Pacific Fleet was crushed and in excess of 3500 Americans were slaughtered or injured. Notwithstanding the assault on Pearl Harbor, American boats were additionally torpedoed on the high oceans between San Francisco and Honolulu. FDR introduced these horrendous actualities to help the country to remember the misfortunes they had experienced. At the point when FDR states, “I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost” (Eidenmuller, Michael E. American Rhetoric), he is summoning feelings of pity for lost lives and bringing out feelings of outrage towards Japan. By bringing out sentiments of outrage towards Japan, the President is making the nation increasingly propelled to do battle. The President needed to announce war in light of the extraordinary harm that the country endured and to be sure that this type of trickery could never jeopardize the United States again.

FDR effectively uses pathos by appealing to the Nations feelings all through his discourse to inspire the nation for entering the war. FDR expressed that “our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger,” (Eidenmuller, Michael E. American Rhetoric) and when the President said the nation was in peril he placed a feeling of dread into the country. The individuals would need anything to be done to have their lives secured. He said that we expected to shield against further assaults and give our nation a sentiment of wellbeing in the wake of something awful occurs. To fortify his point he could address the opposite side by expressing what might occur in the event that we went poorly war. Numerous individuals contradict war, and if FDR clarified what may result on the off chance that he didn’t proclaim war, these individuals may have altered their perspectives to rather favor the President. At the point when the country was abruptly assaulted by Japanese aviation based armed forces it put a feeling of dread into the American individuals. To lessen any dread, FDR clarified that the nation would be protected to the outrageous. Through conveying the discourse FDR was additionally placing a feeling of dread into the Japanese by making an impression on let them realize they would languish the outcomes over placing the United States in threat. The President needed America to realize that with certainty and assurance the nation would pick up triumph. His words demonstrate noble irateness and he conveys this through his voice by keeping his tone quiet and sure so the country would not freeze. FDR utilized solid words to summon feeling which made the nation need to battle back, yet he additionally utilized the correct words to give America trust.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation was fruitful in light of the fact that he proclaimed war on Japan without imparting an excess of dread on the country. Entering a war can put musings of frenzy or dread into individuals’ brains, however the President needed the country to realize that estimates should have been taken to guarantee security. He let the country realize that a war would be pronounced in light of the fact that the assault on Pearl Harbor was intentional, it caused serious harm, and it put our country in grave threat. The President gave his discourse effective by utilizing a mix of rationale and feelings to influence his group of spectators. Through FDR’s discourse he needed to make it obvious on why we were entering the war, and he needed to give our country a sentiment of expectation in when the nation was at risk.

Work Cited

  1. Eidenmuller, Michael E. American Rhetoric: Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation (12-08-41),


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