Wonders Of Egypt: The Pyramids Of Giza
Egypt, the country that everyone thought that it was just a bunch of sand and those rock made structures called the pyramids lying there. Egypt is way more than that. There are so many things to do in Egypt, more than you can imagine! You can find extremely good movie theatres and malls such as The Mall Of Egypt which has a skiing area! isn’t that amazing? Things have changed in the past 8 years, after the revolution and currently is rising up slowly into success. Egypt has been known for its amazing beaches, sightseeing and it’s a hot and dry climate. The best tourist places to go in Egypt are Valley Of The Kings, The Pyramids Of Giza, and the best traditional shopping market Khan El Khalili. People shouldn’t worry about safety at all, it is perfectly safe. So you shouldn’t worry at all.
“The valley of the kings is one of Egypt’s best sightseeing areas. Due to its amazing monuments and astonishing antiques at least 5000 tourists every day! The ancient Egyptians built massive public monuments to their pharaohs. But they also spent time and treasure creating hidden underground mausoleums” (Handwerk). During Egypt’s New Kingdom (1539-1075 B.C), the valley became a royal burial ground for the pharaohs such as Tutankhamun, seti the first and Ramses the second, as well as queens, high priests, and other elites of the 18th and 20th dynasties”(Handwerk). The Valley of The Kings area is extremely hot, even in the winter!, since it is located in southern Egypt. If you intend to go there people have to stay and go wherever their tour guide takes them or else they can get lost in the hot and scorching desert.
“The Pyramids Of Giza is one of the 7 wonders of the world, at least 14.7 million tourists visit the pyramids of Giza! The pyramids of Giza are the most visited ancient Egyptian monument, coming from that extremely high number of tourists. The Giza Pyramids were built to endure eternity. The monumental tombs are relics of Egypt’s Old Kingdom era and were constructed some 4500 years ago”(Handwerk).
“Egypt’s pharaohs expected to become gods in the afterlife. To prepare for the next world they erected temples to the gods and massive pyramid tombs for themselves, the tombs are filled with all the things each ruler would need to guide and sustain himself in the next world(Handwerk). Pharaoh Khufu began the first giza pyramid project, circa 2550 B.C. His Great Pyramid is the largest in Giza and towers some 481 feet above the plateau. Its estimated 2.3 million stone blocks each weigh an average of 2.5 to 15 tons”(Handwerk). “Khufu’s son Khafre, built the second pyramid of Giza, circa 2520 B.C. his necropolis also included the sphinx, a mysterious limestone monument”(Handwerk). “The third of the Giza Pyramids is considerably smaller than the first two. Built by Pharaoh Menkaure circa 2490 B.C, it featured a much more complex mortuary temple”(Handwerk). To go to the pyramids, a tour guide is a must-have, since the area is extremely crowded and there are a lot of sellers that sell souvenirs and they’ll ask you 1000 times to buy their product. The area is perfectly safe, but be careful who you speak to.
“Khan Al Khalili, Egypt’s best traditional market. A charming labyrinth of narrow alleys, Khan Al Khalili Bazaar, or the khan is a major souk (market) in Egypt. It is located next to two of the city’s major landmarks, the Al Hussein Mosque and the prestigious Al- Azhar University. Originally the burial site of the Fatimid caliphs and part of Fatimid Great Eastern Palace, Khan al Khalili Bazaar was constructed in 970 AD, the same year as the founding of Cairo. While the bazaar’s layout has been drastically modified since then, it continues to function as the city’s major centre of trade and a popular destination for tourists and locals in search of treasures”(Khan Al Khalili Market).
“The bazaar itself is an architectural draw, with monumental gates that resemble the commercial complexes of the ottoman empire. Visitors to Khan El Khalili Bazaar will find themselves transported back in time to a traditional Arab souk ( market), lost in the scent of spices and bustle of trade that takes place in the market daily. The many shops arranged around small courtyards stock a variety of goods from soap powder to fabrics, stones, and souvenir toy camels. While the market is not strictly organized by the types of goods, its major crowd pullers such as gold copper and spice are still in certain sections. Khan El Khalili is an important shopping area for locals and continues to preserve the market tradition of old Cairo(Khan El Khalili Market)
Al Azhar Park is one of Cairo’s most beautiful places to visit nowadays.
“In transforming such a large part of Cairo, which was for so long used as an open dump, the impact of al azhar park on the city is tremendous. It has been planned with a multitude of activities in mind and incorporates a conceptualised hilltop lookout kiosk, a children’s play area, an amphitheatre and stage, playing fields, a viewing plaza and a historical wall promenade.
As a tool for improving the aesthetic and overall safety/ comfort of the neighbourhood, the Al Azhar park development project includes a microcredit program for neighbouring residents to restore dwellings and improve existing/found new businesses”(AL-AZHAR PARK). ” Al-Azhar park open on Al-Darassa spans 30 hectares and was opened in 2005 by the aga khan trust for culture’s historic cities programme to act as a ‘green lung’ for the city, as its largest designed green space. Previously a municipal rubbish dump ( for about 500 years), approximate;y 80000 truckloads of debris had to be removed before construction started and in the process, a 12th-century Ayyubid city wall of Cairo that was built during the reign of Salah el Din el Ayoubi, as well as some valuable stones with hieroglyphic texts were uncovered”(AL-AZHAR PARK).
Egypt is full of wonders and so many things that are impossible to see in any country. In Egypt’s national anthem it says masr om el belad which means Egypt is the mother of all countries. The actual meaning behind that phrase is that Egypt contains what you wish and contains everything.