Air Pollution: Causes And Consequences

  • Words 2143
  • Pages 5
Download PDF

The human respiratory framework is a progression of organs answerable for taking in oxygen and ousting carbon dioxide. The essential organs of the respiratory framework are the lungs, which complete this trade of gases as we relax. The lungs work with the circulatory framework to siphon oxygen-rich blood to all cells in the body. The blood at that point gathers carbon dioxide and other waste items and transports them back to the lungs, where they’re siphoned out of the body when we breathe out (Zimmermann, 2019). There are some kinds of diseases that form in your respiratory framework, Maladies and states of the respiratory framework fall into two classes: Infections, for example, flu, bacterial pneumonia and enterovirus respiratory infection, and chronic diseases, for example, asthma and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Zimmermann, 2019). Some of these can be caused by air pollution.

What is air pollution? Air pollution is harmful elements in the air that can cause horrible effects on the body and the environment (). Many sources of pollution can be smog, cars, industrial building, and many other things. Air pollution can affect many things, one of them being your respiratory system, as stated before which controls many of the things in your body. The different types of air pollution are: Particulate matter, Nitrogen Dioxide, Ozone, and Sulphur Dioxide. Particulate Matter is a mind-boggling blend of solids and fluids, including carbon, complex natural synthetic compounds, sulfates, nitrates, mineral residue, and water suspended noticeable all around (“Types of air pollution,” 2019). Many of these can be from industrial buildings (like warehouses, car places, gas lines, gas plants) or even vehicles and anything else that may emit dangerous gases. Particulate matter can be linked to a couple problems with the lungs and other organs. Particulate matter bothers your nose and throat and might be related with increasingly serious indications in individuals with asthma. It brings about more individuals with lung conditions (COPD, asthma, bronchitis) and heart conditions (respiratory failures, strokes) being admitted to the clinic. It additionally causes early passings from lung and coronary illness (“Types of air pollution,”2019). The next one is Nitrogen Dioxide. Nitrogen Dioxide pollution is Nitrogen dioxide is a gas and is a significant part of urban air contamination scenes. Nitrogen dioxide comes from vehicles, diesel vehicles, power stations, and heating ( “Types of air pollution,”2019). The Ozone on the other hand is from a couple of compounds of oxygen which is referred to O3. The Ozone comes from close to the ground, ozone is made by a synthetic response between the sun’s beams and natural gases and oxides of nitrogen radiated via autos, power plants, concoction plants and different sources. Levels of ozone will in general be most noteworthy in the spring and summer and least in the winter. Ozone arrives at its pinnacle focus during the evening. Levels are frequently higher in the nation than in towns. Ozone is a significant part of summer air contamination scenes (“Types of air pollution,”2019). Lastly, Sulphur Dioxide is a drab gas, with a sharp smell. It’s delivered by consuming sulfur-containing energizes, for example, coal and oil. This incorporates vehicles, power age and warming. Sulphur Dioxide pollution comes from electric businesses that consume petroleum products, and furthermore from oil treatment facilities and concrete assembling. It tends to be moved over long separations and adds to the arrangement of ozone (“Types of air pollution,”2019). This affects your lungs similar to the way particulate matter affects your lungs.

Click to get a unique essay

Our writers can write you a new plagiarism-free essay on any topic

Some short term and long term effects of air pollution could be but not limited to three types of respiratory diseases like pneumonia, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), and Asthma (Xie, 2019). Many people don’t know what some of these respiratory diseases are. Pneumonia is a kind of infection that happens in your respiratory system. This contamination is analyzed by the specific level of harm in your invulnerable framework, intercellular and interorgans cooperate to battle the contamination in the body, the lungs and extrapulmonary will react to the disease however will frequently bring about some other basic constant ailment (Quinton, 2018). Pneumonia is a difficult and complex infection to deal with. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is more composite. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a kind of lung malady that makes it difficult for individuals to have the option to relax. It is brought about by being presented to high measures of contamination or overwhelming exhaust in the territory you have been around most (‘Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD),’ 2018). A few indications could be hack, brevity of breath, wheezing, and so on (‘Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD),’ 2018). Unlike these two diseases, asthma is a little calmer than the two diseases discussed previously. Asthma is a chronic, or long-term, condition that discontinuously kindles and limits the aviation routes in the lungs. The aggravation makes the aviation routes swell. Asthma causes times of wheezing, chest snugness, the brevity of breath, and hacking. Individuals who have asthma may encounter manifestations that run from gentle to extreme and that may happen once in a while or consistently. At the point when manifestations deteriorate, it is called an asthma attack. Asthma affects individuals all things considered and regularly begins during youth (“Asthma | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI),” 2019).

How to cut back on air pollution can be done in several ways. In like manner, China’s air quality strategies organize PM 2.5 decreases in front of ones for ozone, says Hao Jiming, a teacher of ecological building at Beijing’s Tsinghua University. Right now, China’s standard for safe degrees of climatic PM 2.5 is 3.5 occasions higher than WHO’s air quality rules, Hao clarifies — an objective that specific pieces of the nation neglect to meet, in spite of the extra slack. In the interim, national gauges for ground-level ozone are just 1.6 occasions higher than WHO and are ruptured less drastically, further concentrating consideration on PM 2.5, Hao includes (Tone, 2019). Other causes of air pollution in everyday life can be each time we drive to class, utilize our warmer or forced air system, clean our windows, or even style our hair, we settle on decisions that influence air contamination. These means, just as numerous others, are things we as a whole can do to help decrease air contamination, things that you can do in your own in your household. Some things to reduce contamination are: moderate vitality – make sure to kill lights, PCs, and electric apparatuses when not being used. Use vitality effective lights and apparatuses. Take an interest in your neighborhood utility’s vitality preservation programs. Breaking point driving via carpooling, utilizing open transportation, biking and strolling. Consolidate tasks for less outings. Keep your car very much tuned and kept up. Adhere to the producer’s directions on routine support, for example, replacing the oil and channels, and checking tire weight and wheel arrangement. Keep away from over the top sitting of your vehicle. Drive electric or module mixture electric vehicles. Utilize electric or hand-fueled grass care hardware. Be mindful so as not to spill gas when topping off your vehicle or gas controlled yard and nursery gear. Run dishwashers and garments washers just when full. Pick naturally benevolent cleaners. Use water-based or dissolvable free paints at whatever point conceivable and purchase items that state ‘low VOC’. Seal holders of family cleaners, workshop synthetic concoctions and solvents, and nursery synthetic concoctions to keep unpredictable natural mixes from vanishing into the air. Buy and utilize low-dirtying detachable marine motors and individual watercraft (4-stroke and direct fuel infusion 2-stroke detachable marine motors). Promoter for discharge decreases from power plants and progressively stringent national vehicle emanation models (“What Can I Do to Help Reduce Air Pollution? – Air Quality Monitoring and Data Program – NH Department of Environmental Services,” n.d.).

Air Pollution is a big issue today and has been going on for a while. Many people don’t understand the certain extent of air pollution until they end up getting sick and have to be in the hospital. For years many people have been talking about air pollution but no one gives it really much attention until it becomes a national issue. China has been one of those countries that has had a big issue of air pollution for many years. Because of this heavy air pollution there have been many deaths happening in this country, deaths because of respiratory issues and many other things that these toxic chemicals are causing. Because China is still a developing country, this means that it doesn’t have many advances in the social and economic level like developing countries would have. Because of this there isn’t anything that can be used to improve the quality of air in china. Many countries have money to start ways to eliminate contamination but since it is still developing, it is up to the people to try to help with the issue.

A developing country like South Korea is a country where they would have things like this under a certain kind of control. They have policies in place that would be able to control things like this from happening. To become a developing country there are many advantages. You are able to have protection over the people and Public Health issues will be sustained. Many things that they are able to do is being able to create a well-developed policy and being able to keep the policy into place, they are able to take the problem at hand and create a solution to the problem, they also have many more advanced than a developing country would have. Developing countries would be just starting to have industrialization, it would just be the beginning for the country. Developing countries would have a nice use of technology, birth and death rates would be low and stay low, and also have a healthy atmosphere for the people. Because China is still developing they don’t have the ability to have all these things. Like stated before many people are dying because of pollution which is really out of control at this point. Industrialization is just beginning so many buildings and workplaces are emitting all these toxic fumes into the air, plus emissions from cars and other things are making the problem at hand very bad. Bad to wear it possibly can wipe out the population or leave the citizens with very bad long term effects that can lead to living a very painful or miserable life.

To conclude, Air pollution is a very big problem at hand. There are many things that can be done to prevent it but it is up to the people to be able to follow some recommendations to create a solution for Air pollution. Because China is a developing country, there are many things that they can’t do because they are still developing like they aren’t able to create many policies to get rid of the things happening in their country and this cause many respiratory problems in their people, but because South Korea is a developed country, they have the means to be able to create South Korea better for its people, It isn’t such a big deal for them to get rid of air pollution because they have the tools for it. They have the technology, tools to keep death rates down and many other things. Soon, China will be able to have the tools to use to create a better place for their people. It is needed because many of the people are getting respiratory problems because of the emissions being released into the air in china. The Ozone is something that has created something big and it isn’;t easy to control. Soon we will be able to see many death rates go down and hopefully make the air in China cleaner than it is now. The people need this to become a smaller issue than what it is now, their health depends on it.


  1. Xie, J. (2019, January 24). The short-term effects of air pollutants on hospitalizations for respiratory disease in Hefei, China.
  2. Quinton, L. J., Walkey, A. J., & Mizgerd, J. P. (2018). Integrative Physiology of Pneumonia. Physiological reviews, 98(3), 1417–1464.
  3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (2018, May 28).
  4. Asthma | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2019, August 1).
  5. Zimmermann, K. A. (2019, August 23). Respiratory System: Our Avenue for Gas Exchange.
  6. Types of air pollution. (2019, August 21).
  7. Tone, S. (2019, February 26). As China Cuts Air Pollution, An Unseen Killer Emerges. s
  8. Li, H., You, S., Zhang, H., Zheng, W., & Zou, L. (2019). Analysis of the impacts of heating emissions on the environment and human health in North China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 207, 728-742.
  9. Qiu, H., Yu, H., Wang, L., Zhu, X., Chen, M., Zhou, L., . . . Pan, J. (2018). The burden of overall and cause-specific respiratory morbidity due to ambient air pollution in Sichuan Basin, China: A multi-city time-series analysis. Environmental Research, 167, 428-436.


We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.