Caesar As Dictator: His Impact On The City Of Rome

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Julius Caesar did so many good things during his time. He helped in many ways as a ruler. There were multiple reasons why Julius Caesar was a good ruler. Julius Caesar was a good ruler in Rome because he relieved debt, expanded the roman empire, and built the Forum Ilium.

Debt was a huge problem in Rome. After the civil war real estate values dropped. Serious coin shortage was the result because people stored whatever they had. Caesar took loans of his own and secured funds from italian cities. Caesar realized how serious the situation was and he ordered that the property has to be accepted for repayment at the pre-war value. He brought a previous law that did not let people hold more than 60,000 sesterces. He later cancelled all interest payments that were due since the beginning of 49 B.C and he also let tenants to pay no rent for a year. These changes still did not eliminate Rome’s debt, but Caesar’s reaction to the problem helped to relieve the debt in a way that it made both lenders and borrowers happy.

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Caesar had to deal with a lot of people being unemployed in Rome. To drop the unemployment rate the poor were offered a new life in Rome. Whoever stayed behind suffered when Caesar cut the grain rations in half and limited the number of people who received it. Caesar arranged for a better supervision of the cities grain supply and he also improved the access to grain from overseas.

Another reason why Julius Caesar was a good ruler in Rome was because he expanded the roman empire. After he took over Gaul and Britain, he planned to return to Rome even though he knew that Pompey was consul, would execute him for his power​. Caesar demanded that he return with his legions even though Pompey said that the legions stay in Gaul. Then, Caesar crossed the Rubicon and was known as an enemy of Rome. He was very popular among the people of Rome. Caesar took down Pompey and then chased him into multiple other countries. Pompey was then killed by the people working for the Pharaoh Ptolemy. When Caesar returned from Egypt, he had full power over the senate and was declared dictator for life. He made important changes that made Rome an empire. One of the important changes that didn’t have anything to do with politics was adding a leap year and fixing the calendar.

Caesar was a good leader because he built the Forum Iulium. The Forum Iulium was the first imperial fora, was started by Julius Caesar and was designed by him. It provided a centre for business of other kinds. The plan was made up as early as 54 B.C. More land was purchased and the final cost was one hundred million sesterces. The temple and forum wasspecially for Caesar’s last great triumph. The forum was not finished by Caesar but Octavianus finished it after Julius’s death. The forum had a statue of Julius Caesar wearing a cuirass, and a statue of his horse with the words “humanis similes pedes priores” written on the statue. The forum was burned in 283 A.D but then restored by Diocletian.

Julius Caesar was a great leader in Rome because of what he did for Rome. He relieved debt so that the people would like him more and to help Rome. He expanded the roman empire so that Rome could be seen as very powerful. Lastly, he built the forum ilium dedicated to himself so the people could remember how much of an impact he had on Rome and the good things he did to make him a good ruler. The people of the US have different opinions of which president is the best, but it is all determined by what they do for the US and if they keep their word or not. Not everyone liked Julius Caesar, not everyone will like the same president.


  1. Fife, Steven. “Caesar As Dictator: His Impact on the City of Rome.” ​Ancient History Encyclopedia​, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 29 Sept. 2019,​.
  2. “History – Julius Caesar.” ​BBC​, BBC,
  3. “Julius Caesar.” ​Wikipedia​, Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Sept. 2019,
  4. Toynbee, Arnold Joseph. “Julius Caesar.” ​Encyclopædia Britannica​, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., ​​.
  5. Fife, Steven. “Caesar As Dictator: His Impact on the City of Rome.” ​Ancient History Encyclopedia​, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 29 Sept. 2019, ​​e/


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